James Blish

James Benjamin Blish was born May 23, 1921 in East Orange, New Jersey. He was a member of the Futurians, a group of science fiction fans based in New York City, in the 1930's and 1940s. He graduated from Rutgers in 1942 with a degree in microbiology then was drafted into the United States Army where he served as a medical technician. In 1947 he married Virginia Kidd; they divorced in 1963 and he subsequently married Judy Lawrence.

Blish published his first short story, Emergency Refueling in Frederik Pohl's Super Science Stories in 1940, but it was not until the 1950's that he became recognized as an author of depth. In 1952, he republished Solar Plexus a short story in which he coined the term "gas giant." Blish is probably best remembered for his novelizations of the Star Trek: The Original Series episode and his Cities in Flight novels. Blish was the first author to produce novelizations of Star Trek.

Also known for writing scathing science fiction criticism under the name William Atheling, Jr. Blish's articles were collected in two books, The Issue at Hand and More Issues at Hand in 1964 and 1970, respectively. For this work the British Science Fiction foundation created the James Blish Award for SF criticism in 1977. He was also inducted into the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame in 2002.

James Blish died of lung cancer on July 30, 1975 at his home in Henly-on-Thames in Oxfordshire, England.

VOR

"A new dimension in science-fiction - VOR.Here is James Blish's new novel written with brilliance and astonishing realism - about that ultimate moment in time when - the first "Alien" from outer space arrives on Earth: How "it" comes and what "it" wants. How we greet "it," nourish "it," communicate with "it." What we learn from "it" of interstellar worlds, galactic powers, the void beyond. And how - in the terrifying moment of Earth's ultimate crisis - we defend the complex civilization of tomorrow from "it!" This could happen tomorrow, or the next day - but the awesome moment is certainly within the realm of possibility - and it may be close at hand!"

Original Publication: Avon, April 1958
This Edition: Avon, April 1958
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Galactic Cluster

"Two men alone on a space station - an overzealous colonel and the civilian who tries to talk him out of dropping three hydrogen bombs on Washington D.C. A seductive actress signs up for the maiden flight of a space ship so that she can track down the husband who jilted her. A fiendishly clever agent infiltrates a top-secret government project and threatens the very existence of Earth. James Blish's starkly realistic stories mirror the perils of the world of the future - a world where scientists can master the intricacies of space travel but cannot yet control the mind of man. One of the growing number of science fiction authors educated in the field of science, James Blish graduated from Rutgers as a science major and also studied at Columbia. He is a member of the American Rocket Society, the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers, and the History of Science Society. His book, The Seedling Stars, is available in a signet edition."

Original Publication: Signet, October 1959
This Edition: Signet, October 1959
Cover Art: Paul Lehr
Format: Paperback

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Giants in the Earth/ We, the Marauders

"Man invents - Man discovers - Man develops..and Man destroys - out of the innocence of discovery and that fulfilling moment when theory becomes a workable reality, a monstrous horror grows. Grows, multiplies, and degenerates until it reaches the ultimate terror. Terror spawned in a laboratory intended to create a new generation that is stronger, brighter, and longer-lived. Horror nurtured in a public relations office on the day after the first interplanetary life is discovered. Only such masters of science fiction as James Blish and Robert Silverberg could have brought such a startling reality to the havoc wreaked by a test tube and a conference table."

Original Publication: Belmont, January 1965
This Edition: Belmont, January 1965
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Belmont Double titled A Pair From Space with Robert Silverberg's We, the Marauders.

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A Life for the Stars

"The Noise was horrifying. He had never heard anything even a fraction as loud, but there could be no doubt about what it was: the cities spindizzies were sounding the alert. Then the whole city seemed to be rocking heavily, like a ship in a storm. At one instant, the street ended in nothing but sky; t the nest, he was staring at a wall of sheared earth, its rim looming cliff-like, fifty feet or more above the new margin of the city; then the blank sky was back again - "

Original Publication: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1962
This Edition: Avon, May 1966
Cover Art: Lida Moser
Format: Paperback

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Earthman, Come Home

"Centuries before, when Earth's resources were exhausted, the planet's great cities had one by one cut loose to hurtle off into space. Powered by giant spindizzies, the nomad cities roamed the galaxy in search of food, work and fresh supplies of the drug which could prolong the human life span to thousands of years. So it was perhaps inevitable that colonies of rogue cities would revert to the ancient law of Earth's jungles - barbarity, cruelty, and naked forced - to threaten the last stronghold of universal culture and civilized decency. Now that day had come. Against this destructive force stood one ageing, unwarlike city and two men: one young and vigorous, the other 1000 years old."

Original Publication: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1955
This Edition: Ace, June 1966
Cover Art: Lida Moser
Format: Paperback

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A Torrent of Faces

Original Publication: Doubleday, 1967
This Edition: Ace, October 1977
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Collaboration with Norman L. Knight

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Jack of Eagles

"Gaiden had trouble getting used to his frightening new powers - he could read minds, walk through walls, control inanimate objects, foresee events. He found himself suddenly jerked into a timeless limbo where he had to fight for his life using his unmastered abilities against ruthless adepts bent on the destruction of our universe."

Original Publication: Greenberg, 1952
This Edition: Avon, September, 1968
Cover Art: Three Lions Studio
Format: Paperback

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Cities in Flight

"The epic cyclic history of the future is now brought together in one volume, in the tetralogy, James Blish has structures an entire universe in which mankind is no longer bound to the Solar System, but has become both conqueror and victim of the stars."

Original Publication: Avon, February 1970
This Edition: Avon, February 1970
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Contents: They Shall Have Stars, A Life for the Stars, Earthman, Come Home, The Triumph of Time by James Blish and The Earthmanist Culture by Richard D. Mullen

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Star Trek 4

"In the name of the Federation Council and the Starfleet Command, Spock and the Enterprise crew grapple with: A Silicon-based monster - An Interplanetary Spy - An Amorous Amazon - A Misguided Mobster "Boss" - A Time-Jumping Technician - And the Mind-Enslaving Elders of Talos IV, in the "Hugo" Award-Winning Episode "Menagerie.""

Original Publication: Bantam, July 1971
This Edition: Bantam, July 1971
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Contents: A Piece of the Action, All Our Yesterdays, The Enterprise Incident, The Menagerie, Journey to Babel and The Devil in the Dark

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Star Trek 3

"Seven chilling stories into the bizarre and unexpected with the crew of the starship Enterprise. Travel to the unknown regions of outer space, to worlds where unearthly powers can control human beings and where unspeakable horror becomes normal. Unimaginable new galaxies of strange beings, bizarre customs, unknown dangers and awesome excitement. A world threatened by tribbles, small and furry with no eyes or faces - only a mouth. A killer planet where time and place change by telepathy. A monster robot that smashes planets and digests them. An alien being who comes to Earth to start World War III. A galacitc ticket to infinite adventure."

Original Publication: Bantam, April 1969
This Edition: Bantam, July 1972
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Contents: The Trouble With Tribbles, The Last Gunfight, The Doomsday Machine, Assignment: Earth, Mirror, Mirror, Friday's Child and Amok Time

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Star Trek 5

"The Enterprise blazes new star trails to danger as Kirk, Spock and the rest encounter -*an asylum lanet where the mad rule * a universe with a total population of one *race warfare to the death - whiteblack against blackwhite * paradise - with a most unusual serpent * the ultimate in women's lib * an almost enternal triangle * a gang of galactic drop-outs - and other startling problems and perils."

Original Publication: Bantam, February 1972
This Edition: Bantam, February 1972
Cover Art: Mitchell Hooks
Format: Paperback

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Contents: Whom Gods Destroy, The Tholian Web, Let the Be Your Last Battlefield, This Side of Paradise, Turnabout Intruder, Requiem for Methuselah and The Way to Eden

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Star Trek 6

"Kirk, Spock, Bones and the others of the Enterprise find a dealy Eden, discover elemental life forces and planetary death wishes, and even meet Abraham Lincoln and Genghis Khan, as they speed through space on new assignments into the unknown."

Original Publication: Bantam, April 1972
This Edition: Bantam, April 1972
Cover Art: Lou Feck
Format: Paperback

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Contents: The Savage Curtain, The Lights of Zetar, The Apple, By Any Other Name, The Cloud Minders and The Mark of Gideon

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Star Trek 7

"Board the Enterprise and journey with her crew to far-off worlds, where you will find *Greek Gods and American Indians * men who can live forever and other men who die of old age at twenty-nine * a machine with the power to raise the dead and a woman whose tears can topple empires."

Original Publication: Bantam, July 1972
This Edition: Bantam, July 1972
Cover Art: J. H. Breslow
Format: Paperback

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Contents: Who Mourns for Adonais?, The Changeling, The Paradise Syndrome, Metamorphosis, The Deadly Years and Elaan of Troyius

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Star Trek 8

"On their latest missions, Starship Enterprise and her crew journey to a glaciated wasteland where beautiful women rule; defeat the ferocious double of Captain Kirk on board the Starship; visit an eerie planet where it's always Halloween; and even dare to go beyond the edge of the galaxy."

Original Publication: Bantam, November 1972
This Edition: Bantam, November 1972
Cover Art: Lou Feck
Format: Paperback

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Contents: Spock's Brain, The Enemy Within, Catspaw, Where No Man Has Gone Before, Wold in the Fold and For the World is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky

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Star Trek 9

"Explore the outer reaches with the Enterprise and her crew as they exchange bodies with an alien intelligence; engage in deadly war games; pursue a vaporous creature to a desolate planet; and probe a fearsome zone of darkness that threatens to destroy them all."

Original Publication: Bantam, August 1973
This Edition: Bantam, 1975
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Contents: Return to Tomorrow, The Ultimate Computer, That Which Survives, Obsession, The Return of the Archona and The Immunity Syndrome

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And All the Stars a Stage

"When the sun explodes. All life will end. No one will survive the blow-up; except the men and women who crowd into a few starships and fly away into space while there is still time, to look for a new home in the infinite void, a new planet on which to settle. Jorn, unskilled, unemployed, seemingly a reject from society, finds that he was what it takes to become one of the brave survivors, blasting off in hastily built ships that have never flown before. Jorn and his companions begin a long search, threatened by repeated disasters and despair, but ultimately leading through to an unexpected climax for which no one is prepared. James Blish, creator of the Cities in Flight tetralogy, and author of award-winning science fiction for nearly thirty years, has created an epic chronicle of an amazing voyage."

Original Publication: Doubleday, July 1971
This Edition: Avon, May 1975
Cover Art: Enric
Format: Paperback

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Star Trek 10

"As the Enterprise hurtles through space, the crew must destroy a ravening, murderous monster aboard the Starship; Kirk discovers an incredibly beautiful creature with strange powers of healing; Spock views the forbidden Kollos and goes insane; and more!"

Original Publication: Bantam Pathfinder, February 1974
This Edition: Bantam, June 1974
Cover Art: S. Fantoni
Format: Paperback

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Contents: The Alternative Factor, The Empath, The Galileo Seven, Is There in Truth No Beauty?, A Private Little War and The Omega Glory

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Star Trek 1

"Blast off with the Enterprise and her crew as an orphan from outer space invades as Starship; a mad scientist gives Kirk his "special treatment; the Starship takes on an invisible enemy; the crew investigates a planet called La Pig; and more!"

Original Publication: Bantam, January 1967
This Edition: Bantam, May 1975
Cover Art: James Bama
Format: Paperback

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Contents: Charlie's Law, Dagger of the Mind, The Unreal McCoy, Balance of Terror, The Naked Time, Miri and The Conscience of the King

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Star Trek 11

"On the Enterprise's latest mission an alien presence of unsurpassed beauty invades the Starship; an enghteenth-century squire entertains the crew on an uncharted planet; Kirk declares war on the Klingons; and more!"

Original Publication: Bantam, April 1975
This Edition: Bantam, April 1975
Cover Art: S. Fantoni
Format: Paperback

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Contents: What Are Little Girls Made Of?, The Squire of Gothos, Wink of an Eye, Bread and Circuses, Day of the Dove and Plato's Stepchildren

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Star Trek 2

"Journey into the unexpected with the crew of the Starship Enterprise and discover a world where war is fought by computers - a world inhabited by great lizardlike creatures of conquest - a world ravaged by a relentless plague of madness and death - a world where life has developed beyond the need for physical bodies - and more!"

Original Publication: Bantam Books, February 1968
This Edition: Bantam Books, January 1977
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

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Contents: Arena, A Taste of Armageddon, Tomorrow is Yesterday, Errand of Mercy, Court Martial, Operation - Annihilate!, The City on the Edge of Forever and Space Seed

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Star Trek 12

"Journey into the unexpected with the crew of the Starship Enterprise and discover a world where war is fought by computers - a world inhabited by great lizardlike creatures of conquest - a world ravaged by a relentless plague of madness and death - a world where life has developed beyond the need for physical bodies - and more!"

Original Publication: Bantam Books, November 1977
This Edition: Bantam Books, November 1977
Cover Art: Unknown
Format: Paperback

Notes:

Collaboration with J. A. Lawrence. Contents: Patterns of Force by James Blish, The Gamesters of Triskelion by James Blish, And the Children Shall Lead by J. A. Lawrence, The Corbormite Maneuver by James Blish and Shore Leave by J. A. Lawrence

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The Star Trek Reader II

"Here for the first time in hardcover are 19 of the most exciting episodes that ever appeared on the award-winning Star Trek television series. Novelized by the renowned science fiction writer James Blish, each of these stories is a little gen with a permanent sparkle, and their combination a collector's item. Eerie, frightening, mysterious, humorous and heartwarming, The Star Trek Reader II is a mind-bending journey to the outer reaches of the imagination. In The Devil in the Dark, we meet the unforgettable Horta, a shaggy, acid-secreting animal whose proteins are based on silicon instead of carbon - with shocking results. When finally cornered after terrorizing a group of miners, the Horta tells (in a voice that sounds like pebbles in a can) a tale of heart-break and suffering, understood only by Spock through the Vulcan mind-lock. In Obesssion, the reader is bewitched by an illusive creature that hovers between matter and energy; after killing in a most ghastly way, it escapes into another dimension. And in Charlie's Law, we meet a space orphan, an ordinary looking seventeen-year-old whose desperate adolescent needs combine dangerously with a superhuman ability - making him perhaps the worst monster ever encountered by the crew of the Enterprise. In the Hugo Award-winning Menagerie, we see how the crew members fight one of the most subtle weapons ever devised - illusion. But in Dagger of the Mind, we see, poignantly revealed, and even more powerful weapon - loneliness. In The Enterprise Incident, the crew seriously questions Captain Krik's sanity, whose bizarre behavior ranges from blatantly violating Romulan territory to tossing an ethnic slur at Mr. Spock. A Vulcanoid woman commander find a way to soothe Spock's ruffled ego - if he has one. These and thirteen more episodes - many of them selected by the fans themselves - vividly demonstrate why the slogan Star Trek lives! will go on forever."

Original Publication: E.P. Dutton, 1977
This Edition: E.P. Dutton, 1977
Cover Art: S. Fantoni
Format: Paperback

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Contents: A Piece of the Action, All Our Yesterdays, Balance of Terror, Charlie's Law, Dagger of the Mind, Journey to Babel, Miri, Obsession, Return to Tomorrow, Star Trek, Star Trek 4, Star Trek 9, That Which Survives, The Conscience of the King, The Devil in the Dark, The Enterprise Incident, The Immunity Syndrome, The Managerie, The Naked Time, The Return of the Archons, The Ultimate Computer and The Unreal McCoy

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Titans' Daughter

"Aside from being eight feet tall, blonde blue-eyed Sena was unusually beautiful - and extraordinary unusual. She was a Tetra, one of the handful of people belonging to the superrace genetically engineered by Dr. Hyatt of Dunhill University. Sena and her Tetra lover Sam attended Dunhill and did their best to ignore the sneers of the "normal" humans, who hated them for their incredible strengths and mental abilities. But the resentment of the "normals" gets to Maurey, the most brilliant Tetra, and he plots a diabolic plan to overpower the human race. Suddenly, Sena is caught in a deadly triangle with Sam and Maurey that might mean the end of the Tetras and the world around them."

Original Publication: Berkley Medallion, March 1961
This Edition: Avon, November 1981
Cover Art: Rowena Morrill
Format: Paperback

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Spock Must Die!

"We are at war with the Klingon Empire. Launching an unprovoked attack upon the Federation, the Klingons have broken the terms of the Orgonian Peace Treaty - leaving the Enterprise stranded deep in uncharted space, cut off from the rest of the Federation fleet. To find out what happened to the Organians, Commander Scott rigged an experimental modification of our transportation system designed to enable a tachyon replica of Mr. Spock to travel faster-than-light to Organia. But the experiment failed, and, incredibly, left us with two identical Spocks: one of whom is a replica in every way to the opposite of our first officer, a traitor whose continued existence poses a grave threat to the Enterprise and quite possibly the entire Federation. One of the Spocks must die. But which one..."

Original Publication: Bantam, February 1970
This Edition: Bantam, April 1985
Cover Art: Bob Larkin
Format: Paperback

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The Devil's Day

"All the Demons of Hell Lucifuge, Rofocale, Baal, Barbatos, Astaroth Their name is legion. Long have they lain chained in darkness. Now one blackest sorcerer has loosed them. Soon they will once more rule the night. And the day, as well."

Original Publication: Baen, February 1990
This Edition: Baen, February 1990
Cover Art: Gary Ruddell
Format: Paperback

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