Epson PX-8 Geneva  
Written by Accutron on 2017-04-19  

Devices included in this entry:
Epson PX-8 Geneva portable computer (pictured in thumbnail)
Epson P-80X portable thermal printer

The PX-8 Geneva is an improved descendant of the original Epson HX-20, widely regarded as the first laptop computer. Introduced in November 1981, the HX-20 is a small slab-style laptop computer built upon dual Hitachi 6301 microprocessors, with an integrated LCD display, micro-cassette drive and dot-matrix printer. The HX-20 was not a particularly successful product, as it lacked a proper operating system and had a narrow range of software and accessories. The Z80-based PX-8 Geneva is a significant improvement over the HX-20, incorporating a much larger flip-open LCD display and the popular CP/M operating system. Instead of having an integrated printer, the PX-8 works with the Epson P-80X, an extremely compact thermal printer capable of accepting 8.5x11" sheets.

While the PX-8 Geneva was superior to the HX-20, its moderate success was overshadowed by various members of the ubiquitous Kyocera Kyotronic family, particularly the Tandy TRS-80 Model 100 and NEC PC-8201a.

Epson PX-8 User's Manual (PDF)
Epson PX-8 Technical Manual (PDF)
Epson PX-8 BASIC Reference Manual (PDF)

Epson PX-8 Geneva portable computer.

PX-8 Geneva, with LCD screen closed and dust cover in place.

PX-8 Geneva, internal construction.

Epson P-80X portable thermal printer.

This article is part of the [Digital Computer Equipment] exhibit.

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